Announcement

Collapse
No announcement yet.

Consent in Gaming

Collapse
This topic is closed.
X
X
  • Filter
  • Time
  • Show
Clear All
new posts

  • Going with hijacking off-top - What in America is called 'race' - i.e. white, black, asian, etc. - is, in reality, only specific mixture of genes from proper humans races ancestors, i.e. Neatherdals, Denisovians, Homo Erectus, etc. Newest researcher shows we all are Homo Sapiens ( mostly ), only difference are little small variants of ours forefathers mating with other real humans races. And we all can intermix without problems - that would be real races if we could not mix, on genetically level.

    'Traces of mystery ancient humans found lurking in our genomes

    Prehistoric humans were sexual adventurers, mating with Neanderthals and Denisovans, but DNA studies reveal dalliances with populations we never knew existed
    (...)

    The idea that each of our cells might contain fragments of genetic code from extinct species has been around for well over a decade. Then, in 2008, Svante Pääbo and his team at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, pulled off the master stroke of teasing DNA out of millennia-old Neanderthal bones in quantities great enough to sequence. This provided an obvious way to find out if Homo sapiens had bred with Neanderthals (Homo neanderthalensis): you could simply look within the genomes of living people for DNA sequences with distinctly Neanderthal patterns of mutations. These comparative studies revealed that early humans had indeed mated with Neanderthals, and not just once. Current estimates are that the genomes of everyone except Africans are between 2 and 4 per cent Neanderthal.
    (...)
    Once again, comparisons with modern human genomes showed that the two interbred. Genetic studies reveal this to have happened in Eurasia. They also show that Denisovans ranged from Siberia to South-East Asia, and that at least one of their genes helps modern Tibetans to live at high altitude. The idea that our ancestors hybridised with other hominins was once dismissed. Now it was starting to look as though they would mate with anything vaguely human.
    (...)
    The most-likely explanation is that soon after that migration, a group of humans became isolated while the rest bumped into and mated with Neanderthals. “If you like, it’s a third branch,” says Chris Stringer of the Natural History Museum in London – a branch that is distinct from the humans who had stayed in Africa and the ones who were gradually spreading out across Eurasia, Australia and eventually into the Americas. Because there are no known fossils belonging to Basal Eurasians, it is impossible – for now – to say why they were isolated. Perhaps it was just down to where they settled, far from other groups. Or maybe they developed cultural differences. Either way, these ghosts didn’t mix with the rest of humanity for millennia – long enough to evolve distinct genetic markers.
    (...)
    It now transpires that Denisovans had their own ghosts. People living in Oceania and East and South-East Asia today have inherited about 5 per cent of their DNA from Denisovans. By taking a closer look at these genetic sequences, Akey’s team found that they don’t all relate to the original finger-bone genome in the same way. In fact, the group found signs of two evolutionarily distinct Denisovan populations. “That was really unexpected,” he says. “There’s actually another, ghost, Denisovan lineage.”'
    https://www.newscientist.com/article...n-our-genomes/
    Last edited by wyrdhamster; 09-19-2019, 09:58 AM.


    My stuff for Scion 2E, CoD Contagion, Dark Eras, VtR 2E, WtF 2E, MtAw 2E & BtP
    LGBT+ in CoD games

    Comment


    • Originally posted by Charlaquin View Post

      Maybe it’s a meme in the social circles you spend time in. In the scientific community, the italicized statement isn’t a joke, it’s an uncontroversial statement of fact. Race, as it has historically been defined, is not real.

      The problem is, many of us were raised to believe that race is real, but doesn’t matter. The truth is exactly the opposite. Race is not real, but it does matter.
      It's not my social circles, it's pretty much the whole country. Like I said, this is the very first time I'm ever hearing an argument to the contrary. Literally everybody else on the planet that I can think of has used the word "race" when referring to the various ethnic groups.

      And I find it rather strange that scientists like LostLight find the notion of "race" applying to humans is absurd, when zoologists divide animals up into different breeds and species based on different characteristics. Such as size, shape, coloration, geographical location, natural aptitude, est.

      Why should humans get any kind of preferential treatment? Just because they're sapient enough to argue against the idea?
      Last edited by Nyrufa; 09-19-2019, 10:13 AM.

      Comment


      • Originally posted by Nyrufa View Post

        It's not my social circles, it's pretty much the whole country. Like I said, this is the very first time I'm ever hearing an argument to the contrary. Literally everybody else on the planet that I can think of has used the word "race" when referring to the various ethnic groups.

        And I find it rather strange that scientists like LostLight find the notion of "race" applying to humans is absurd, when zoologists divide animals up into different breeds and species based on different characteristics. Such as size, shape, coloration, geographical location, natural aptitude, est.

        Why should humans get any kind of preferential treatment? Just because they're sapient enough to argue against the idea?

        Errr? Consider me befuddled. Like LostLight I'm not from the US, and yes, we are taught not to use refer to different ethnicities with the word 'race'. Race is a biological term meant to distinguish different breeds within a single species, usually (though not exclusively) created artificially through human selection. We used to use this in anthropology/biology for humans as well, but not anymore. This is not exactly hidden or purely academic knowledge. I mean, google it.

        Because we are one species. And it would be racist. I mean, it's in the name? How could this possibly escape you?

        So, yes, Elves, Dwarves and all of them are different species. If they were different races that would mean that they were a) plants or animals and b) definitely part of the same species. I have always wondered why and found it vaguely cringeworthy to see this all over RPG's, because, well, not many positive ways to read it otherwise.

        It's not rocket science. Referring to someone from, say, Japan, as being from a different race as someone from Spain is the very definition of racism and why on earth the US wishes to officially classify you as caucasian, hispanic or whatever the silly groups are always struck me as a great deal more than cringeworthy, into downright bloody offensive to be exact.

        So, no, not 'literally everybody else on the planet has used the word "race" when referring to the various ethnic groups'. Fortunately. Perhaps everyone you can think of uses it this way, but they would be using this term in what is considered a problematic and loaded way since, oh, the second half of the previous century.
        Last edited by Angwe; 09-19-2019, 11:00 AM.

        Comment


        • Originally posted by Accelerator View Post
          I'm not american.

          The internet is not american.

          The world is not America.

          Keep that in mind.

          So what country do you live in? Betcha a nickel it’s heavily impacted by institutionalized racism.


          Going by Willow now, or Wil for short. She/Her/Hers.

          Comment


          • Originally posted by Nyrufa View Post
            It's not my social circles, it's pretty much the whole country.
            Clearly not, because I also live in America and I’m quite familiar with it.

            Originally posted by Nyrufa View Post
            Like I said, this is the very first time I'm ever hearing an argument to the contrary. Literally everybody else on the planet that I can think of has used the word "race" when referring to the various ethnic groups.
            Right. In other words, your social circles.

            Originally posted by Nyrufa View Post
            And I find it rather strange that scientists like LostLight find the notion of "race" applying to humans is absurd, when zoologists divide animals up into different breeds and species based on different characteristics. Such as size, shape, coloration, geographical location, natural aptitude, est.

            Why should humans get any kind of preferential treatment? Just because they're sapient enough to argue against the idea?
            This line of discussion is going to dark places quickly, so I’m going to tap out before we get any further down the eugenics rabbit hole.


            Going by Willow now, or Wil for short. She/Her/Hers.

            Comment


            • Originally posted by Angwe View Post

              Because we are one species. And it would be racist. I mean, it's in the name? How could this possibly escape you?
              Except that we're not, if we go by the system that has divided up the animal kingdom. Like I said, scientists divide animals into different breeds for a number of reasons that can be applied to various ethnic groups. Mostly being physical appearance, but we can also take one's natural aptitude into account. For example, people who historically descend from cold environments may have a higher tolerance to low temperature than somebody who's ancestors descend from the scorching desert.

              How many species, or "races" of tiny birds can you think of? Sparrows, finches, shrikes, robins, swallows, just to name a few?

              The only difference in this scenario is that the various types of humans that exist throughout the world have the capacity to argue against the idea. When it comes to literally any other species in the animal kingdom, we apply the term without so much as a second thought.


              Originally posted by Charlaquin View Post

              This line of discussion is going to dark places quickly, so I’m going to tap out before we get any further down the eugenics rabbit hole.
              Yes, this can quickly spiral out of control. Best not to proceed further.
              Last edited by Nyrufa; 09-19-2019, 11:31 AM.

              Comment


              • Originally posted by Nyrufa View Post

                Except that we're not, if we go by the system that has divided up the animal kingdom. Like I said, scientists divide animals into different breeds for a number of reasons that can be applied to various ethnic groups. Mostly being physical appearance, but we can also take one's natural aptitude into account. For example, people who historically descend from cold environments may have a higher tolerance to low temperature than somebody who's ancestors descend from the scorching desert.

                How many species, or "races" of tiny birds can you think of? Sparrows, finches, robins, swallows, just to name a few?

                The only difference in this scenario is that the various types of humans that exist throughout the world have the capacity to argue against the idea. When it comes to literally any other species in the animal kingdom, we apply the term without so much as a second thought.

                Yes, this can quickly spiral out of control. Best not to proceed further.
                And yet you proceeded further...

                Applying this to humans is an idea that has been advanced by one W. E. B. Dubois. He called it Racialism. Otherwise known as a synonym for racism. Also debunked. By science. These physical difference between ethnic groups are simply not big enough to find in your genes or anywhere else. It's like categorizing the different colors of the labrador breed different breeds or races.

                Now, seriously, why don't you go and read up on the subject. It's not difficult to do. Start with wikipedia.

                And man... Sparrows, finches, robins and swallows are different species of bird. Not races. 'Tiny bird' is not a species. Races are within one species. The word has meaning.

                Comment


                • Originally posted by Angwe View Post

                  And yet you proceeded further...
                  That was before I read Charlaquin's post. I went back and edited the bottom after seeing it.

                  Comment


                  • Originally posted by Nyrufa View Post

                    Except that we're not, if we go by the system that has divided up the animal kingdom. Like I said, scientists divide animals into different breeds for a number of reasons that can be applied to various ethnic groups. Mostly being physical appearance, but we can also take one's natural aptitude into account. For example, people who historically descend from cold environments may have a higher tolerance to low temperature than somebody who's ancestors descend from the scorching desert.

                    How many species, or "races" of tiny birds can you think of? Sparrows, finches, robins, swallows, just to name a few?

                    The only difference in this scenario is that the various types of humans that exist throughout the world have the capacity to argue against the idea. When it comes to literally any other species in the animal kingdom, we apply the term without so much as a second thought.
                    Ok, I know some of the terminology can be unclear to people without a background in biology, but there is a Difference between species, subspecies, and breed. The different kinds of small bird you mentioned? Those are species (well, and many of them are different genus too, but let’s not get into that for now). Species is defined by sexual compatibility. If two animals can breed and produce viable offspring, they are the same species (generally; there are some corner cases, but that’s the basic concept.) There is only one species of humans - Homo sapiens.

                    Within some species, there are certain subspecies. For example, wolves can breed with domestic dogs and produce viable offspring, so they are both considered to be members of the same species, canus lupus. However, the genetic and morphological differences between wild wolves and domestic dogs are significant enough that they are considered separate subspecies of the same species - dogs are canus lupus familiaris, and there are a few other subspecies of canus lupus. In prehistory, there have been other subspecies of human, such as homo neandertalis (which we know could - and did - breed with Homo sapiens and produce viable offspring, as evidenced by the fact that a significant portion of the modern human population does have homo neandertalis genetic markers.) But at this point, they have all gone extinct, save Homo sapiens sapiens, AKA anatomically modern humans.

                    Breeds are a separate thing, and refer to smaller variations of appearance and temperament within a species that are - as the name suggests - bred for, via selective breeding. Selective breeding is ethically dubious with animals, let alone humans. When the concept is applied to humans, it is called eugenics, and it is horribly, horribly racist. There is also less genetic variation between different human ethnicities than there is between different breeds of dog.
                    Last edited by Charlaquin; 09-19-2019, 11:47 AM.


                    Going by Willow now, or Wil for short. She/Her/Hers.

                    Comment


                    • Originally posted by Nyrufa View Post
                      Literally everybody else on the planet that I can think of has used the word "race" when referring to the various ethnic groups.
                      Yes and no. Races in the modern English sense are usually large groupings of ethnicities by only those most easily noticeable traits (first and foremost skin tone). To use a very connotationally risky analogy, it’s like the difference between “little white dog” and “Maltese.”

                      Comment


                      • Originally posted by Sith_Happens View Post

                        Yes and no. Races in the modern English sense are usually large groupings of ethnicities by only those most easily noticeable traits (first and foremost skin tone). To use a very connotationally risky analogy, it’s like the difference between “little white dog” and “Maltese.”

                        At any rate, my personal mentality has locked in the word as a way to refer to any species that has evolved to the point of being recognized as a sapient life form. I would not consider sharks to be a race. Mermaids, however, would fit the category, if we ever found out they were real. And after 3 decades of viewing it in this manner, I think my brain is pretty much wired to continuously use it as such. As I've said before, using the word "race" in casual conversation has become so common place that it feels completely natural, and treating it like some kind of taboo feels silly.

                        Comment


                        • Y'know, just because something's natural, doesn't mean it's good (and vice-versa).

                          And just because you're used to doing something a certain way, doesn't mean it's a good habit to keep.

                          And just because a change is hard, doesn't mean it's not worth making.

                          Comment


                          • Originally posted by ArcaneArts View Post
                            Which is likewise a warning flag about you.

                            .
                            Kinda strange that you think acting like a mature adult is a warning sign...

                            Quite the opposite of Nyrufa, i never encountered "race" as a descriptor for a person until, i would say i was around 14 and was being taught about the 2nd World War. Up until that point, the only context i'd seen it in was elfs, dwarfs, orcs ect.
                            Last edited by NotEmpathic; 09-19-2019, 03:34 PM.

                            Comment


                            • Originally posted by TheCountAlucard View Post
                              Y'know, just because something's natural, doesn't mean it's good (and vice-versa).

                              And just because you're used to doing something a certain way, doesn't mean it's a good habit to keep.

                              And just because a change is hard, doesn't mean it's not worth making.
                              And a common thread between the talk about the consent form, and the whole racism tangent bit:

                              People are generally understanding of other people coming from a place of ignorance (I don't mean this in a personal negative sense, they were never taught, it's outside their personal lived experiences, etc.). It's what you do once you know. Do you defend how things were, and why, or do you think about how to change in the light of new information?

                              Comment


                              • I'll be honest, I don't think "fantasy races" is particularly problematic. While some fantasy races are inspired by real world cultures or ethnicities quite a few others are just basically fantastical and there's no society in the real world that particularly resembles that fantasy group. At this point regardless of Tolkeen's intentions when he made dwarves, dwarves exist as their own thing separate from Tolkeen, and when someone logs onto World of Warcraft and makes a dwarf, they're not thinking, "These guys are stand ins for Jews."

                                I also don't really see what the issue is of someone taking the idea of "fantasy races" and transposing that onto the real world.

                                "In Dungeons and Dragons, elves, dwarves, orcs and goblins are all their own race. And for humans, regardless that human's culture, where they were born, the color of their skin or other external characteristics are all part of the human race. So I'm going to bring that idea to the real world and argue that on Earth, just like in D&D, all humans are members of the same 'human race' regardless of their culture, where they were born, the color of their skin or anything else!"

                                I mean if someone tried making that argument to me, I'd probably give them a thumbs-up and say, "Good job, you've generally got the right idea."

                                Comment

                                Working...
                                X